Consultantships-Recent Years:

Stanford Research Institute, BDM Corporation, Hudson Institute, Congressional Research Service,Comparative Defense Studies Program of Columbia University, U.S. Army War College, Office of the Secretary of Defense/Net Assessment, U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, National Defense University, National Institute for Public Policy/National Security Research, Inc., Science Applications International Corporation, Aries Analytics, Inc.

Member, academic advisory committee, Hubert H. Humphrey Fellowship Program, U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, 1981-1985.

Member, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace study group on Arms Control and the Proliferation of High Technology Weapons in the Near East and South Asia, 1988-1989.

Member, study group on "The Emerging Ballistic Missile Threat to the United States," resulting in report published by Hudson Institute and National Security Research, Inc., 1992